Beqa Lagoon (Fiji): Sharks And Soft Corals

This article was first published in Scuba Diver Magazine ANZ in July 2023.

Table of contents:

Fiji bull sharks feeding
Bull sharks and tawny nurse sharks aggregate for a feed.

Introduction

Since my wife Lena and I relocated from France to Sydney a few years ago, we have been eager to explore what sort of diving the South Pacific region had to offer. We had heard lots of praise about Fiji, so when the pandemic eased out, we decided it would our first Pacific country to visit.

On our way to Beqa Lagoon

As we researched our trip, we realized Fiji had quite a diverse diving scene: one liveaboard, a few cruise ships offering dives and lots of dive-oriented resorts, spread over a dozen islands or groups of islands, with different attractions. Some places are reputed for Manta dives, other for turtles, scenic coral dives and others for sharks. 

We were intrigued by the many close-up shark photos that we saw, and all appeared to be taken in one place called Beqa Lagoon (pronounced “Benga”), and this is where we decided to go. 

Beqa Lagoon is located at the Southern tip of Viti Levu, Fiji’s main island, which has flights to Australia and New Zealand. We flew direct from Sydney to Nadi, and a couple of hours car transfer later, we had arrived at our hotel in Pacific Harbour.

Tawny nurse sharks quietly cruising in blue water.
Sharks swimming leisurely, before the start of the feed.

Dive logistics

The shark dives take place in a Marine Protected Area, situated between Pacific Harbour and Beqa Island, which is 13km off shore from the mainland.

It is possible to stay on either side, but there are more dive centers operating from Pacific Harbour, including Aqua-Trek, whom we dove with for 6 days in a row. We stayed in The Pearl hotel, which is where Aqua-Trek’s dive center is located, and went every day for a double-tank morning dive.

Aqua-Trek sometimes operates afternoon dives, but this is subject to having sufficient guests and suitable weather. Unfortunately during our stay (mid-October), the afternoon winds didn’t allow for these extra boat dives, and there was no shore-diving near Pacific Harbour, due to the proximity of river estuaries, which impacts water clarity. 

A word on shark feeding 

As we have all learnt when getting certified, divers are meant to minimize interactions with marine life, take only photos and leave only bubbles, so there is some controversy around shark-feeding activities.

However, the global shark population is collapsing dramatically due to over-targeted fishing (including the cruel practice of shark finning), with other 100 Million kills a year, threatening the health of our oceans. Shark tourism creates awareness, grows support for these beautiful predators and, ultimately, can make sharks worth more alive than dead. Besides, in Beqa Lagoon, each diver pays a levy to visit the Marine Protected Area, which funds local education programs and community improvements. 

A bull shark, photographed with a macro lens.

Besides, the dive center assured us that the sharks did not rely solely on the feeding, and this was proven by location tagging. Finally, there was no increase in local shark attacks since the feeding dives first started in 1999.

We’ll let the reader make their own mind on shark feeding, but for ourselves, we decided this was enough justification for us to support this type of diving. 

The shark dives

Beqa Lagoon’s Shark-dive operators have their own feeding dive sites, and Aqua-Trek’s is called The Bistro, where they run double-tank dive trips.

The boat moors on an underwater pinnacle which starts at 5 meters depth, and divers descend to a plateau at around 18 meters, bordered by a small coral wall, behind which they kneel-down to watch the show (be sure to wear a full-body wetsuit). On the other side of that front wall, the reef slopes down to about 25 meters, and this is where the feeding takes place. 

Scuba divers lined-up behind a coral wall.
The divers kneel-down behind The Bistro’s coral wall, from where they watch the action.

A wheelie-bin full of fish pieces is brought in mid-water with a pulley system, and kept closed while sharks are attracted by the smell. At that time the sharks swim leisurely around the site, a few meters from the bin, sometimes passing close to divers. The excitement goes up when the bin finally gets opened: sharks suddenly accelerate, gathering close to the bin, to feed. Once the bin is emptied, the excitement goes down, sharks start dispersing and if the conditions feel right, dive guides escort their guests beneath the wall, for a chance to see a few extra sharks. 

bull shark passing by scuba divers
A bull shark patrolling near the coral wall.

After about 20 minutes of bottom time, divers start ascending around the pinnacle, where they can swim near two purpose-sunk wrecks, and reach the mooring line for a safety stop. Tropical reef fish inhabit the pinnacle and we also saw them grazing on the upside-down wreck, where there was some algae growth. The other wreck is quite photogenic and I feel it would be worth a dive on its own. The top of the pinnacle has healthy corals and makes for enjoyable safety stops. At times we were joined by  a few remoras in mid-water, perhaps waiting for the next shark to hitchhike onto, but we saw 2 of them sticking themselves to the wheelie bin instead! The total dive time is around 50 minutes, depending on individual air consumption. Lena is frustratingly better on air than I am, but I dive a Horizon rebreather, so we certainly made the most of each dive!

A diver swims above a rusty boat wreck in Beqa Lagoon.
While sharks are the main attraction, there is a beautiful wreck which has both soft and hard-coral growth, well worth a visit.

At all times during the feed, Fijian dive-guides stand near the guests, holding long sticks which are used to push sharks away, should one get a little too close. Experienced photographers are sometimes allowed to go in front of the wall while bin is still there. We and a few other divers had that privilege, which made for (even) closer encounters, better photos and a few adrenalin spikes!

An underwater photographer taking photos of a shark feeding in Beqa Lagoon.
My wife Lena, photographing the feed up-close.

Overall we felt very safe, in the good care of our guides. I would be quite stressed if I had their job, but they all were comfortable doing this every week. Perhaps this is because our guides were all locals of the Beqa Lagoon area, where traditional legends place the Shark God Dakuwaka as a protector of Fijians at sea.  

In terms of shark species, up to 8 of them can be seen on these dives. Whilst we weren’t lucky enough to see a tiger shark, at times we had more than 20 bull sharks in sight and nearly as many tawny nurse sharks. We also saw silvertips, grey reef sharks and on occasions lemon sharks. Besides sharks, a large Queensland groper sometimes joined the party, as well as several jacks and smaller fish species.

At that time of the year (mid-October), the water temperature was a balmy 27 degrees Celsius and had nearly 30 meters visibility at the beginning of our stay, down to 15 towards the end.

The scale of the action can be too much to cover with strobes, and I frequently chose to photograph the shark feed with ambient light only.

The coral dives

Fiji is sometimes referred to as the “Soft Coral capital of the world”, with specific places like Taveuni island coming to mind for their famous soft coral walls. We did not know what to expect from Beqa Lagoon on that front, but we were out for a reef dive every second day, and have been pleasantly surprised. Whilst the fish life wasn’t particularly abundant, on every dive we found patches of reef with some beautiful gorgonians and soft corals. 

A scuba diver swims next to a large gorgonian coral fan in Fiji
There are massive and healthy coral fans to photograph at Three Nuns.

I enjoyed diving Three Nuns, a site with 3 isolated pinnacles, which all featured some massive and vibrant red gorgonians, plus beautiful patches of soft corals. Near the mooring, a school of yellow snappers the first pinnacle, a school of yellow snappers which clearly had enjoyed some feeding at some point, making them very obliging photo subjects.

school of bluestripped snappers and a diver
The schooling snappers are hoping to receive a feed, but I just had strobe light for them!

On Fantasy, we dove around a large reef which featured ledges and overhangs with their own set of lovely soft corals, and again a few of these vibrant red gorgonians. At the top of the reef, healthy hard corals were teeming with small tropical fish, a pleasant end of dive. 

The cherry on the cake was The Aquarium, a truly memorable dive, with a very large swim through cave, with its ceiling and walls covered in a mix of soft corals and gorgonians. We had to time our photos so that there were not too many divers in the frame, but fortunately a stunning canyon was called for exploration behind the walls of that cave, featuring photogenic gorgonians. Such a coral growth can only be sustained by heavy currents, but we dove The Aquarium at the right time: the water wasn’t moving and we had a relaxed, contemplative dive there.

soft corals growing on the ceiling of an underwater cave, with a diver sihouette in the background
As an underwater photographer, I found The Aquarium to be a fantastic wide-angle dive. The soft-coral growth on the ceiling and wall of this large cave are a joy to photograph.

Topside activities and final words

Pacific Harbour is known as Fiji’s Adventure Capital. It sits on the wetter half of Viti Levu, nearby the Navua River, where half-day trips or even full day-trips allow exploring inland. There are whitewater rafting and kayaking trips, and rainforest zip lining and waterfall hikes. We spent a fantastic Sunday leisurely descending the river on tubes, with some fun rapids at times, a waterfall swim and a tasty picnic on the river banks. 

Waterfall near navua river
If you’re travelling to Beqa Lagoon, don’t miss out on a tour on the Navua River!

I couldn’t conclude this article without mentioning the warm welcome we received in Fiji. It starts with the “Bula!” greeting – which also means “welcome” – and goes on with the kindness of, well really everyone we spoke with. We made friends there, and I can’t wait to travel to Fiji again. 

About the author

Nicolas Remy (@nicolaslenaremy) is an Australia-based pro shooter and founder of online underwater photography school The Underwater Club. His images have been widely published in print and digital media, and have won over 35 international photo awards.

To see more images by Nicolas and his wife Léna, visit their website: www.NicolasLenaRemy.com.

ONLINE UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHY COURSES:  Join The Underwater Club and become a better Underwater Photographer in between dives! Our comprehensive online courses include 40 self-paced lessons, with over 16 hours of video-based tuition. We also have a monthly webinars and offer photo critiques on our private forums. Find out more and start your free 7-days!

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